The TEE Bavaria.
The international, long distance connection between Munich and Zürich, operated as a TEE train from 1969 to 1979, was christened with the name Bavaria. The new TEE pair of trains 57/56 ran in place of the express train Munich - Zürich - Geneva. The Swiss-Dutch class Ram TEE powered rail car train was used for this very busy line and was pulled from other services. In the evening hours of February 9, 1971, one of the most serious train accidents in TEE history took place. The TEE was running much to fast and derailed on an "S" curve, and a rail bus set collided with the ill-fated TEE. Twenty-eight dead and forty-two seriously injured was the devastating result of the accident. The high number of deaths and injured was also caused by the fact that the window glass on the TEE train were not made of safety glass, and the interior of the dining car was not permanently mounted on the floor.
Train service was halted for 7 days in order to remove all traces of the accident. The operation of the TEE Bavaria was resumed after that, but now with a train of cars hauled by a locomotive instead of a powered rail car train. This train consisted of rolling stock from the German Federal Railroad, one each TEE compartment car, type Avmz 111, and an open seating car, type Apmz121. A lounge car, type ARDmz 106, was used as a replacement dining car. A class 210 gas turbine locomotive was used as motive power on the route between Munich and Lindau in order to operate this route fast and efficiently. The Bavaria as a TEE train was canceled in 1977 and the connection Munich - Zürich was served by Express Train 277/76, with seating in both car classes. In 1987, the Bavaria became a Euro City, connecting Munich and Zürich daily with four EC pairs of trains. The melodious name Bavaria has been a chapter in railroad history since 2002 however.